Sunday, March 23, 2014

India - World Water Day 2014 - Why water is a business issue, an opinion posted in Business Line

The world is getting thirstier and so is India. Many causes of increased demand are common at both the global and national level; increasing population, rapid industrialisation, higher standards of living to name a few. The only thing not increasing commensurately is the amount of water available.

The UN Water Conference held in January this year delved into the water-energy nexus and portended that world water demand could exceed 44 per cent of the available annual resources by 2050. So how do these global trends look through the prism of the Indian experience?

At the national level the challenges are acknowledged. Writing about the Twelfth Plan’s water strategy, Planning Commission member Mihir Shah commented, “India faces a major crisis of water ... The demands of a rapidly industrialising economy and urbanising society come at a time when the potential for augmenting supply is limited, water tables are falling and water quality issues have increasingly come to the fore.”

On the table

One consequence, here and elsewhere, is that water is moving up the boardroom agenda. The CDP Global Water Report 2014, authored by Deloitte, presents results of analysis based on the water disclosures of 184 Global 500 corporations. Participants included four major Indian companies. Almost three-quarters of respondents identified water as a substantive business risk. Challenges included business interruption due to inadequate public infrastructure, supply chain disruption due to water scarcity, and reputational damage.

Water risk was seen as immediate. Two-thirds of the risks expected to impact direct operations and supply chains were anticipated to occur within the next five years. To give this local perspective, it is estimated that India has seen a 60 per cent decline in per capita availability of water in the last 50 years; while Ernst & Young predicts industry’s demand for water will grow from 40.86 billion cubic metres (Bm3) in 2010 to 91.63Bm3 in 2030.

Article Source:
Publication Date: 21 March 2014

Friday, March 7, 2014

CAPpings - Electronic Corrosion - Mobile Phone Charger Cable - Lightning cables used for iPhone failing due to corrosion

User experience reported in

About a month ago the Apple Lightning to USB cable that I keep in my vehicle for charging my iPhone 5s began to fail. At first charging was intermittent, then within a week the cable wouldn't charge my iPhone at all. A closer look at the male end of the Apple Lightning to USB cable reveals that several of the gold contacts have become corroded. 

Sunday, March 2, 2014

CAPpings - India - Water analysis data to be monitored in Chennai - More efforts should be taken on analysing the sources for corrosion failures

Water quality to be monitored in pipelines

Residents need not wait much longer to figure out the source of their contaminated Metrowater supply. In a month, Chennai Metrowater will fix monitoring devices in the pipeline to frequently check the quality supplied to city.

The water agency will install the equipment in 50 locations across Chennai and introduce automated inline water quality monitoring system. At present, Metrowater staff members manually collect over 3,500 water samples daily from various places, including distribution points and pipelines at consumers’ end. They check the residual chlorine level and the results are communicated to the area offices concerned.

Once the GSM/GPRS - enabled devices are fitted in the pipeline, they would collect water samples automatically, test quality for three parameters — residual chlorine content, Ph value and turbidity — and transmit data to the centralised monitoring room in Metrowater's head office in Chintadripet, said officials. The water agency has identified over 200 locations so far and will shortlist 50 spots, near homes or water distribution stations to fix the equipment, comprising analysers and GSM modem.

The sensors in the equipment will communicate the data about the samples tested whenever water is supplied through the pipeline. The drinking water pipelines run for over 5,200 km across the city and it often takes time to identify how and where the contamination occurs.

Officials said that as the data would be transmitted along with time and location, it would be easy to identify the source of problem and rectify it immediately. The system would send an alert about the water quality through mobile text messages to officials concerned and technicians.

After the system is in place, staff members need not wait for residents’ complaints about any contamination or results from the laboratory to initiate action on water-related problems. Uninterrupted power supply facility would also be ensured for continuous flow of data from the system, an official added.

Metrowater will, continue to collect and test water samples manually.

Article Source:
Publication Date: 26 Feb 2014

CAPpings - India - IT Major IBM's hi-tech solution to plug water leakage, pegged at 45 per cent of the supply, in Bangalore

BANGALORE: IT major IBM has come to the rescue of Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board (BWSSB) to plug water leakage in the city, pegged at 45 per cent of the supply.

The board, in association with the company, has set up a command centre to monitor and manage the water supply system.

The centre monitors water flow in 284 of the 784 bulk flow meters and reservoirs, providing a clear view of the amount of water transmitted by each, the amount supplied to individual parts of the distribution system and the level of water in each reservoir. Data from every meter is displayed on a dashboard, which can be accessed by BWSSB engineers.

Publication Date: 21 Feb 2014