Monday, October 6, 2014

CAPpings - India - Water Leakage and Contamination - Over 65 percentage houses in Kerala have no access to potable water

The district-wise analysis shows that the highest contamination is in Kozhikode as 55 per cent of tested sources indicated bacterial and chemical contamination and Idukki experiences the lowest level. Except Palakkad, the level of potable water is worsening in all other districts. The highest increase in quality affected district over previous year is Malappuram, where zero level of contamination was reported in 2012 and now 15 per cent of sources are contaminated. Kottayam and Kollam are also in a highly vulnerable position.

PALAKKAD: At a time when the state government is busy hiking the water tariff with a view to garner an additional tax of `260 crore, safe potable water remains out of reach for more than 65 per cent of the households in the state, says the report of the economic survey conducted by the Government of India.

The report also says that only 29.3 per cent of the houses in the state are serviced by tap water supply network. Of which, only 34 per cent gets safe water which is 52 per cent less than the national average, which is 86 percent and 57 and 59 per cent less than our neighbouring states Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, which are 91 per cent and 93 per cent respectively. The total urban population getting safe water has been reduced from 42.85 in 2001 to 39.4 per cent in 2011.

The district-wise analysis shows that the highest contamination is in Kozhikode as 55 per cent of tested sources indicated bacterial and chemical contamination and Idukki experiences the lowest level. Except Palakkad, the level of potable water is worsening in all other districts. The highest increase in quality affected district over previous year is Malappuram, where zero level of contamination was reported in 2012 and now 15 per cent of sources are contaminated. Kottayam and Kollam are also in a highly vulnerable position.

The situation is also worse in Kasargod. The people here get saline water through the pipes of Kerala Water Authority (KWA) during summer season. “The KWA supplies water from Chandragiri River. Saline water spills into the river sand, owing to storm surge, turning the water saline. The requests given to construct barrage across Chandragiri River to prevent saline water intrusion fell on deaf ears,” said environmentalist P Krishnan.

In Palakkad district, the people living in Muthalamada, Vadavathur, Elavanchery and Kollankod panchayats get muddy water through KWA pipes.

“It is from Meenkara dam we get potable water, but the dam has not been desilted for the last couple of decades. Hence, silt has been deposited at the bottom of the dam and people get water mixed with silt. A number of requests have been given in this regard but nothing has been done so far,” said Vandazhi panchayat president P V Krishnan.

Various drinking water projects implemented by the government have not been completed or is not in use now. Chakumkulam, Kuravlur, Tharoppadikal and Parakulam drinking water projects at places such as Kozhikode, Ponganpara drinking water project at Kottayam etc are some of the projects remaining uncompleted for years now.

In Kollam district, people living near Sasthamkotta Lake have been complaining  that they have been getting coloured potable water through the pipes, because of which they stopped using it.

“Now we buy water in can for potable purposes and for non potable purposes we buy water on wheels. We spend `3,000 per month just to meet our water needs,” said Kishore K K, a resident near Chakuvally.

Article Source: http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/kerala/%E2%80%98Over-65-Per-Cent-Houses-in-State-Have-No-Access-to-Potable-Water%E2%80%99/2014/10/06/article2463573.ece
Publication Date: 06October2014

CAPpings - India - Water Distribution - Loss of around 1.5 lakh litres of water daily through pipeline leaks leading to drinking water shortage in Kochi, Kerala

Loss of around 1.5 lakh litres of water daily through pipeline leaks. With the per capita requirement fixed by KWA at 150 litres, the loss of 1.5 lakh litres means that around 1,000 consumers are deprived of water due to the said leaks alone


KOCHI: After a long wait, the Kerala Water Authority (KWA) has started using SmartBall and Sahara technologies to detect leaks in the supply network. Initially, they have started inspecting the 42-inch pipeline, one among the three main pipelines that supply water to the city from KWA's treatment plant at Aluva, using the SmartBall technology.

When they completed a 5km stretch of the around 20km-long pipeline, three leaks were detected last week. Each leak results in a loss of 35 litres per minute. This translates into a loss of around 1.5 lakh litres of water daily through these leaks. With the per capita requirement fixed by KWA at 150 litres, the loss of 1.5 lakh litres means that around 1,000 consumers are deprived of water due to the said leaks alone.

Many parts of Kochi such as Fort Kochi, Mattancherry, Thevara, Cheranelloor and Vypeen islands are facing drinking water shortage even though the monsoon has not departed yet. "In Soorya Nagar, Maydina and Thevara colonies, residents went up in arms after they were made to wait for days for drinking water supply. The KWA would always cite one or the other reason for supply shortage," said Thevara division councilor Ranish P R.

In Fort Kochi and Mattancherry areas, chikungunya has become a major cause of worry after health officials found that water stored by local residents in vessels without covers had turned into breeding grounds for mosquitoes. The residents of west Kochi are forced to store water as the same is in short supply. The KWA will continue to conduct checks using SmartBall and Sahara technologies in the coming days. "We have found that water generated from our Aluva plant is not reaching many parts of Kochi. But we were not able to detect how water is lost in between. That's why we decided to introduce SmartBall and Sahara technologies," said KWA chief engineer A K Ramani.

According to KWA officials, they have always taken steps to plug leaks whenever such cases are reported to them. "There are problems in detecting leaks. There is a control room functioning round-the-clock to address complaints regarding leaks and pipe bursts. Once a problem is reported, we would soon deploy our maintenance contractors for repair works," insisted KWA superintending engineer Jolly Thomas.

Article Source: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kochi/Too-many-holes-in-KWA-pipeline/articleshow/44535768.cms
Publication Date: 07 October 2014