Thursday, October 29, 2015

India - Govt. tells labs: fund research by yourself. Scientists are now required to show how their research contributes to society outreach. Our viewpoint: CSIR laboratories should open doors for collaboration with the systems that can bring and convert societal needs for the useful research


Our viewpoint: CSIR laboratories and Academic Institutions should open doors for collaboration with the systems that can bring and convert societal needs for the useful research.


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Cash-strapped, the Ministry of Science and Technology has mandated organisations involved in scientific research to start ‘self-financing’ projects; send in monthly updates and ensure that research stays in sync with the Central government’s ‘social and economic objectives.’’
The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has been directed to generate half of its funds and start sending report cards to the Centre on how “each of the laboratory [is] focusing its resources on developing specific lines of inventions which would contribute to the social and economic objectives of the Narendra Modi government for the poor and the common man.”
The decision was part of a two-day ‘Chintan Shivir’ held at Dehradun in June and ended with all CSIR labs resolving to turn research projects into ‘for-profit’ ventures over the next two years.”
As part of the ‘Dehradun Declaration,’ all laboratories signed up to “develop a revenue model in a business-like manner with a clear cost-benefit analysis.
‘Indigenous science’
“The most worrisome aspect was representatives from Vigyan Bharati, an organisation affiliated to the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) being part of this discussion. The idea was to ensure ‘indigenous science’ was also promoted. But what was the RSS doing in this meeting,” said a senior official who was a part of the meet.
For now, funding for the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) & Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) — both under the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) — have not been affected, said a senior scientist at CSIR, raising concerns over industry’s involvement in research and the resultant clash of interest.
“While DAE institutions are spared for the moment, institutes under the CSIR are badly hit by the government’s budget slash. Under the Dehradun Declaration, research institutions have been asked to raise part of their money for research through external funded projects and grants. While senior and established researchers can manage to secure grants, young researchers are having a tough time. This will affect the quality of research,” he added.
Publication Date: 28 October 2015

Friday, July 31, 2015

India - Stainless Steel Manufacturing - Utensil makers face uncertain future. Our view point: Various grades of stainless steels available in the market exhibit different corrosion patterns. Consumers pay higher cost to choose reliable items in terms of performance and quality

In what will be a major blow to utensil manufacturers, the central government is going to prohibit trading in sub-standard stainless steel. Utensil exporters, however, would not be covered. Three months will be given to traders and utensil manufacturers to adhere to the guidelines, once notified.

“Considering the diverse and extremely strategic applications of stainless steel, this order, if enacted, will go a long way in securing the interest of domestic consumers. It will also benefit the public at large, considering the fact that we are exposed to stainless steel in one form or the other in all walks of life. This order will also help to curb the import of sub-standard stainless steel and help to create conditions of free and fair competition in the industry,” said N C Mathur, President of the Indian Stainless Steel Development Association (Issda)

Domestic utensil manufacturers have been importing sheets from China, Korea and other countries for several years. Issda has been trying to convince the government for years to ban imports. About two months earlier, the government levied an anti-dumping duty on certain grades of stainless steel
flat imports.

Utensil manufacturers have opposed the move. Hitendra Bhalaria, managing director of Bhalaria Metal Craft, a stainless steel manufacturer and exporter in this city, said: “Around 98 per cent of stainless steel utensils currently produced and sold in India would be rejected. Many utensil manufacturers would go out of the market. Also, utensils would be costlier at least by 15-20 per cent as raw material could be costlier by a similar proportion.”

Domestic utensil manufacturers have been importing sheets from China, Korea and other countries for several years, a practice that Issda has been trying to convince the government to ban. About two months earlier, the government levied an anti-dumping duty on certain grades of stainless steel flat imports.

Article Source: http://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/govt-to-bar-sale-of-sub-standard-stainless-steel-utensil-makers-face- uncertain-future-115073101232_1.html
Publication Date: 01 Aug 2015

Our View Point:

It is a good move to bar sub-standard stainless steel reaching consumers. Material selection is normally generalized to specify the materials suitable for various purposes. There is no universal material that work in all types of environments. Corrosion of materials is one of the life limiting phenomena that is effected due to variations in environmental conditions. Various grades of stainless steels available in the market exhibit different corrosion patterns. Performance of stainless steels used by the consumers living in the vicinity of coastal and industrial zones is entirely different from the one used in other geographical location. Although limited time warranty is given for few finished products like electronic appliances and machineries that use SS as materials of construction, there is no structured quality assurance policy instituted by the government to ensure the performance of stainless steel in various environments and  manufactured items. Most of the homewares do not carry a proper warranty for the lifetime performance of materials. Consumers pay higher cost to choose reliable items in terms of performance and quality. The intention of choosing the higher material is to get rid off main issues like corrosion and gloss. The key question on the life of SS components is yet to be resolved. We do not see credit given for corrosion control of metallic structures in our country. Awareness on corrosion control has to be effectively implemented by our government to encourage material conservation efforts. Stainless steel material manufacturers need to establish a proper collaboration with corrosion control community to resolve the problems faced by the public and assist the domestic utensil manufacturers for finding consumer-friendly life time performance- oriented solutions. Our group We CAN Control Corrosion in India, a non-profit networking initiative, welcomes the manufacturers and consumers to use the collaborative knowledge base available for corrosion control. 

Friday, June 12, 2015

India - Government imposes anti-dumping duty on stainless steel imports. Our Viewpoint: There is no structured quality assurance policy instituted by the government to ensure the performance of stainless steel in various environments and manufactured items. Most of the home wares do not carry a proper warranty

Increase in customs duty on stainless steel is an encouraging news for the domestic manufacturers. There is no structured quality assurance policy instituted by the government to ensure the performance of stainless steel in various environments and  manufactured items. Most of the homewares do not carry a proper warranty for the lifetime performance of materials. Consumers pay higher cost to choose reliable items in terms of performance and quality.

Increase in customs duty on stainless steel is an encouraging news for the domestic manufacturers. This will enhance production and extensive use of domestic stainless steel in the manufacture of items ranging from household to industrial machineries and associated parts. Although limited time wararanty is given for few finished products like electronic appliances and machineries that use SS as materials of construction, there is no structured quality assurance policy instituted by the government to ensure the performance of stainless steel in various environments and  manufactured items. Most of the homewares do not carry a proper warranty for the lifetime performance of materials. Consumers pay higher cost to choose reliable items in terms of performance and quality. The intention of choosing the higher material is to get rid off main issues like corrosion and gloss. The key question on the life of SS components is yet to be resolved. We do not see credit given for corrosion control of metallic structures in our country. Awareness on corrosion control has to be effectively implemented by our government to encourage  material conservation efforts. 

Sunday, March 22, 2015

World Water Day - India - We need to turn Water Rust to Water TRUST for minimising corrosion induced pipeline leakage and contamination

Numerous incidents of pipeline leakage induced contamination reported across India. Corrosion of pipeline assets is the major cause for this tremendous leakage and contamination threats. This is completely ignored by the water management authorities and design houses. When leakage occurs in any pipeline, the immediate focus is made on replacing the existing infrastructure. It is not an easy task for replacing all old infrastructure with brand new systems. We need to find the best way of improving the current operation to minimize leak and contamination incidents. We need to turn Water Rust to Water TRUST for assuring the integrity of existing assets and operating the water distribution without any potential disturbance. There is not much focus made on corrosion control and life cycle approach of selecting the appropriate water distribution systems.

Article Source: http://www.corrosionfootprint.org/2015/03/india-water-rust-to-water-trust-our.html
Publication Date: 07 March 2015

Friday, March 13, 2015

India - Corrosion induced pipeline leakage is the major cause for severe water cuts in Kolhapur Municipal Corporation (KMC). Rs 30 crore spent in the last five years to replace pipes under the Shingnapur scheme is not finding solutions

KOLHAPUR: Many city areas will face severe water cuts in the next two days owing to the major leakages in the main pipeline carrying water in the Shingnapur water supply scheme. Rs 30 crore since last five years to replace the pipes of the Shingnapur scheme


On Monday, the Kolhapur Municipal Corporation (KMC) found several pipeline leaks pipe in the Puikhadi area and immediately started repair work. The pipeline supplies water to the A, B and D wards of the city. Water cuts will begin on Monday evening and continue till Wednesday morning.

Manish Pawar, the KMC's chief hydraulic engineer said, "At some places, the pipe was rusted and could not sustain water pressure, leading to leaks. We started replacing these pipes in the Puikhadi area and this will be completed in the next 24 hours. We have ensured water supply by providing water tankers to the affected areas."

Due to the heavy rainfall last week, power cuts took place in certain city areas and halted water lifting from the river source, leading to a two-day water cut. This took place in areas, where water supply schemes were implemented like Balinga, Nagdevwadi and Shingnapur. This was around the same time that the civic administration planned to undertake the work to replace the pipe at Puikhadi.

The Shingnapur water supply was initiated in 2001 and was criticized for the frequent leakages due to the poor quality of work. Water used for the scheme is located 11km from the city and accounts for around 70% of the supply to Kolhapur and all three wards are covered under this network.

"We spent around Rs 30 crore in the last five years to replace pipes under the Shingnapur scheme. Once the direct water supply scheme from the Kalammawadi dam is started, the city will not face any more water cuts due to the leaks," Pawar said.

The city lifts around 120 million litres of water per day (MLD) from three sources and supplies it to around 98,000 water connections - both commercial and household. Though the quantity of water lifted is high, around 25% of it is lost due to leaks and water thefts, leading to low pressure water supply to the suburbs.

Article Source: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/City/Kolhapur/City-to-face-water-cuts-till-Wednesday/articleshow/46512780.cms
Publication Date: 10 March 2015


Wednesday, March 4, 2015

India - Watch Manufacturing - Titan takes big leap towards Make in India - commencement of stainless steel watch cases production at a new facility in Coimbatore.

Titan Watches announced commencement of stainless steel watch cases production at a new facility in Coimbatore. This plant will manufacture around one million high-end stainless steel cases per annum, to be scaled up to two million cases.


Titan Company, India’s largest manufacturer and retailer of watches, today announced commencement of stainless steel watch cases production at a new facility in Coimbatore. This is the company’s first stainless steel watch case plant in India and will help replace a large portion of its import of watch cases.

Set up with over Rs 75 crore with technical assistance from Japan’s Seiko Epson Corp, the new plant will manufacture around one million high-end stainless steel cases per annum, to be scaled up to two million cases. The plant has employed 250 persons.

“Titan has been making in India since its inception and the commencement of Coimbatore facility is a part of this journey,” Bhaskar Bhat, managing director of Titan Company Ltd, said.

Bhat said the company was looking at 8-9 per cent growth in sale of watches during the current fiscal year ending March 2015. The opening of new plant would help the company in its premiumisation drive. It would cater to a large portion of its requirement for cases for premium and luxury watches, Bhat told Business Standard.

To begin with, the plant will cater to the company’s watch case requirement for the domestic market. Some of its popular brands such as Raaga, Xylys, Edge, Octane and Tycoon will have cases manufactured at the plant, he said.

Titan is the sixth largest manufacturer of watches globally, with a manufacturing unit in Hosur and three assembly units in north India. The company started first with watches, moved into jewellery making, followed by developing automation solutions and precision components manufacturing and then onto optical lens manufacturing, he said.

For the current fiscal, Titan is aiming at sales of 16 million watches, Bhat said, adding it would touch around 25 million watches in the next four years.

The plant is spread across in 11.3 acres and is capable of addressing all domains of stainless steel case manufacturing, which includes tool design, tool manufacturing, press shop, machining, polishing and assembly supported by related service functions like planning, facilities management, machine maintenance and costing.

“Titan’s strategy is to be a self-reliant watch maker and not just a seller, which many global watch brands do not possess. The new plant is part of this strategy,” Bhat added.

For the fiscal ended March 2014, the company reported an income of Rs 10,815.08 crore, a growth of 8.1 per cent over the previous year.  During the nine months ended December 2014, its income was up 16 per cent at Rs 9,316.61 crore.

Article Source: http://www.business-standard.com/content/b2b-manufacturing-industry/budget-aims-to-boost-domestic-manufacturing-with-duty-cuts-in-raw-materials-115022800765_1.html
Publication Date: 04 March 2014  

India - Union Budget 2015-16 - Budget aims to boost domestic manufacturing with duty cuts in raw materials - Corrosion of steel is overlooked when depreciation rate and tariff or customs duty are taken for financial calculation

Tariff rate is increased on iron & steel and articles of iron or steel. To promote domestic manufacturing and ‘Make in India’ for creation of more jobs, finance minister Arun Jaitley has announced a series of cuts in customs and excise duties in the budget 2015-16.


Budget plans to give a boost for job creation through revival of growth and investment and promotion of domestic manufacturing. To promote domestic manufacturing and ‘Make in India’ for creation of more jobs, finance minister Arun Jaitley has announced a series of cuts in customs and excise duties in the budget 2015-16.

Customs duties on certain inputs like metal parts, insulated wires and cables, refrigerators compressor parts, compounds used in catalytic converters, sulphuric acid for use in manufacture of fertilisers and compounds of video cameras have been reduced.

Similarly, basic customs duty is being reduced on certain raw materials used in lathe machines from 7.5% to 2.5%, medical video endoscopes from 5% to 2.5 %, telecommunication grade optical fibre cables from 7.5% to Nil and LCD/LED TV panels from 10% to Nil. CVD and SAD are being fully exempted on specified raw materials for use in the manufacture of pacemakers.

SAD is reduced in metal scrap of iron & steel, copper, brass and aluminium from 4% to 2% to address problem of CENVAT credit accumulation. For inputs used for manufacturing of LED driver and MCPCB for LED lights, fixture and LED lamps, SAD has been reduced from 4% to nil.

Basic customs duty is increased for metallurgical coke. Tariff rate is increased on iron & steel and articles of iron or steel. Tariff rate on commercial vehicles is increased from 10% to 40% and effective rate from 10% to 20%.

Excise duty is restructured on certain goods such as wafers for use in the manufacture of integrated circuit (IC) modules for smart cards from 12% to 6%, inputs for use in the manufacture of LED lamps from 12% to 6%, specified raw materials for use in the manufacture of pacemakers to nil, solar water heater and system from 12.5% to nil and tablet computers from 12% to 2%.

Article Source: http://www.business-standard.com/content/b2b-manufacturing-industry/budget-aims-to-boost-domestic-manufacturing-with-duty-cuts-in-raw-materials-115022800765_1.html
Publication Date: 28 February 2015

Thursday, February 19, 2015

CAPpings - India - Water Contamination - Leaking pipelines, the primary cause of outbreak of disease - 6 Students affected by Jaundice in Choudwar, Odisha

After Cuttack, the outbreak of jaundice in Choudwar Municipality has created panic among the residents. The students generally consume water supplied through Public Health Department pipelines. Sources said leaking pipelines is the primary cause of outbreak of the disease.


SALEPUR:Six Class X students of a private residential coaching centre at Ward-5 (Brahmana Sahi) of Choudwar tested positive for jaundice on Saturday.

After Cuttack, the outbreak of jaundice in Choudwar Municipality has created panic among the residents.

The students generally consume water supplied through Public Health Department pipelines.

Sources said leaking pipelines is the primary cause of outbreak of the disease.

As the supply water pipes have developed cracks at many places, the drinking water is polluted by filth of drain and sewage.

However, no step has been taken by the administration yet to monitor the drinking water supply or clean the drains.

At Cuttack, the outbreak spread to several localities with 12 more cases detected on Friday, taking the total to 116.

Article Source: http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/odisha/6-Affected-by-Jaundice/2015/02/15/article2669739.ece
Publication Date: 15 February 2015

Tuesday, January 27, 2015

India - Introduction of Corrosion prevention technologies from the US to Indian market: Commerce Minister of India will push for early deliverables from US during the commercial dialogue

New Delhi: India will press for early deliverables such as capacity building in corrosion-prevention technology and technical textiles during the commercial dialogue scheduled for Tuesday between commerce minister Nirmala Sitharaman and her US counterpart, commerce secretary Penny Pritzker, even as contentious issues like the Totalisation Agreement and immigration struggle to make headway. Pritzker is part of the team led by US President Barack Obama for his ongoing India visit. While the corrosion-prevention technology is crucial to protect infrastructure projects and industrial products, technical textiles is a sunrise sector used in various industries including construction, agriculture and healthcare. Such advanced technologies available in the US are crucial to the Narendra Modi government’s Make in India and smart city projects. “For a long time, commercial dialogue was dormant between both sides. Now, we see a lot of interest from both sides. So, there will be some movement in the near future,” a commerce ministry official said, speaking on condition of anonymity. However, the official said the two sides were unlikely to sign any agreement on this front during Obama’s visit.

Article Source : http://www.livemint.com/Politics/5jKrRQyCn9OwzTx1EbbZCO/Nirmala-Sitharaman-to-push-for-early-deliverables-from-US-in.html
Publication Date: 26 January 2015

Friday, January 16, 2015

India - Corrosion Footprint, a Greener Conservation Challenge - Launch of our collaborative efforts to resolve corrosion problems encountered in a variety of environments

All manufacturing systems are built with great belief of providing the life time value of end products and conserving the resources in all aspects. This belief is greatly modified when the end-products are subjected to a variety of complex environmental conditions, handling methods and maintenance practices. When water distribution system is designed, it is the interest of water distribution and management to assure every drop of water reaches its destination. In reality, the loss is not only for the quantity, but also the health of people consuming contaminated water. When gas pipelines are laid to cater the demands of energy requirement, it is the belief of designer to supply gas to its destination without impacting the environment and people through technological explosions. In reality, minor changes are the leading causes for real explosions. When process equipment and piping are designed, manufactured, installed and operated to achieve the production rate for maintaining industrial growth, materials are brought to the design table with great confidence for construction.

We do not find reference for corrosion in Environmental Impact Assessment. But corrosion control seems to be ecologically pushed to acquire a fresh challenge: Is it eco-friendly control process? The environmental analysis is immediately started with disposal of corrosion control chemicals and release of solvents rather looking at safeguarding the materials to achieve sustainability. Control of material degradation is the present day challenge for material sustainability. Where do we miss the impact of corrosion on environment? If control is technologically applied, leak rate of hazardous substance is profoundly minimised.

Footprint is the buzzword for environmental assessment. Carbon footprint is monotonically approached to quantify the effects in all stages of product lifecycle involving variety of materials. Water footprint is calculated to see the life cycle demand. It is quite obvious from the present approach that Corrosion Footprint is not at all attempted. Disposal of corrosion control chemical or metallic deposit is challenged. This challenge can be effectively approached through various means: green chemistry innovations for extracting the hidden power of plants, development of economically proven material choices and formulation of conservation-friendly operation and maintenance practices to allow Corrosion Control Performance Index taking its proper berth in Environmental Impact and Life Cycle Assessment.

Although we see numerous industrial accidents and significant water loss due to corrosion, we do not consider corrosion as an environmental hazard. Now is the time to start calculating Corrosion Footprint for conserving our precious material resources and achieving environmental sustainability.